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Al Capone Myths
This web page was created after seeing and reading the daily nonsense being attributed to Al Capone.

Christmas 1946. The real Al Capone one month before he died.
(Photo by the kind permission of Diane Patricia Capone)

From a simple bootlegging gangster, to now being named in conjunction with the U.S Presidency. It's simply amazing how the persona of Al Capone has evolved over the many decades! So many Capone rumors and myths have been handed down through the years in order to tie Al Capone to a book, movie or product. Some perpetuated by faulty research, some by companies and some even by actual relatives whose faultering recollections seem to recall a certain time, place or product associated with their beloved Al. Some companies will go as far to pay a Capone relative to make it more believable. The winning recipe of repeat a lie many times and it will suddenly become truth seems to prevail over simple straightforward fact. Back it up by a relative and voila! instant fact! Even I have been approached in the past to try and tie a bed and breakfast place with Al Capone. This was an attempt to boost their business. Of course, I refused and have continuing disdain for people trying to make a fast buck by selling lies. From a house owned in Cuba, to a supposed trip through tunnels in Saskatchewan, we explore some of the myths surrounding Big Al. Below I will state the myth and tell the truth about it.

The Myth: Al Capone's home in Miami was originally owned by Clarence Busch of the Anheuser Busch beer company.

The Truth: The house was built in 1922 for the Pennsylvania born Clarence M. Busch. He was a successful realtor and is not a relative to the famous brewing Busch family from St. Louis. These people were never related and that's one of the myths passed down through time. Even when the house was being repetitively sold, this brewmaster myth was being continually perpetuated as fact. The realtor Clarence Busch had this house built with a few others as an investment, because he had a dwelling at the time on Brickell Avenue. The house was actually owned by James W. Popham at the time Capone was interested in it. Capone did not go seeking it, but was actually approached by hotel owner Parker Henderson Jr. and then Miami Mayor John Newton Lummus Jr., who was also a realtor. In 1928, a few realtors in Miami eagerly wanted to sell Capone a home. Henderson and Lummus just figured they could find him a home themselves and showed Capone a few. Capone was immediately hooked on the one at 93 Palm Avenue. James Popham was furious when he found out through insurance records that Al Capone was to be the new owner of the house. As far as the beer family story goes, they didn't even have a family member named Clarence! This easily verifiable myth continues to this day in many books and documentaries.

The Myth: Al had a sister named Rose Capone.

The Truth: No, Rose never existed and was an error on John Kobler's part when interviewing people during his initial research. This was accepted as fact through the years and misrepresented in subsequent books and documentaries. The facts are that Al had 6 brothers and two sisters and they were Vincenzo (James), Ralph (Raffaele), Salvatore (Frank), John (Erminio), Umberto (Albert), Amadeo (Matthew) and Mafalda. The other sister was named Erminia and she was born on August 11, 1901 and died on June 18,1902. There may have been another stillborn male in the family, but it can't be verified through records.

The Myth: Al Capone's voice was recorded.  

The Truth: No, there is no known recording of Al's voice. The talking pictures began in 1930, and equipment to make it was very expensive, so chances are Al just missed the time to be recorded. I also don't think Al would ever have wanted to be recorded saying something he couldn't take back. Near the end of his life, great care was made to watch over him in case his pareisis made him spill any mob info.
There was no danger as his disease had regressed him somewhat. Although there is a supposed silent home movie of Al taken in 1929, hanging around his Florida pool with Charles "Lucky" Luciano, Ciro Terranova, Frank Costello and others. Photos exist of this encounter. These were taken right before the Atlantic City gang meeting in May. For the film no sound is heard. As far as what his voice sounded like, Chicago American city editor Harry Read wrote in his memoirs that when he first met Capone he was expecting a deep basso voice due to his hulking mass, but instead was surprised to hear a jocular high pitched voice coming from Capone.

The Myth: Al Capone beat three of his henchmen to death with a baseball bat.

The Truth: This myth was accepted through time and was further embellished (with just one gangster killed) during a scene from the 1987 movie The Untouchables. A scene in the movie portrays Al Capone beating one of his henchman with a baseball bat during a banquet. The brain splattering blood fest unfortunately never happened in real life! Another story that's taken a life of it's own through time!

The facts are in the autopsies. They reveal that all three bodies were shot to death with .38 special rounds. The various wounds prove that it was the bullets that caused all the broken bones in their bodies, and NOT clubs or baseball bats. No beating evidence was ever found on three victim's bodies. The only manhandling bruises were found on John Scalise's ankles, this from his body being dragged out of the car to the end of a road. He was found near a ditch. Capone, by that time, would not have personally participated in the murder of these three. He was too busy dealing with authorities and was in planning to go to Atlantic City for a meeting.

The beating story may have been purposely rumored, and 'put out there' as a warning for other up and coming gangsters, that it was not wise to cross Al Capone or his organization. SEE Anselmi and Scalise

The Myth: Al Capone and Mary Coughlin were married on December 18,1918.

The Truth: No, this myth was picked up in John Kobler's bio on Al Capone. He made a mistake in his research. Al Capone and Mary "Mae" Coughlin were married on December 30,1918.

You can't argue with the above proof. Here is a copy of Al Capone and Mae Coughlin's real marriage documents with the correct date of 12-30-1918!

The Myth: Sonny Capone was not Mae Capone's child.

The Truth: No, just another cheap hare brained assumption in order to sell books. While it is true and without question that Sonny was born out of wedlock, he was indeed Mae's child and not some other woman's as claimed by a Capone relative who has many other proven facts distorted. Mae's mother Bridget would never have put up with any of that other woman's child nonsense! I can tell you that it's a known fact some of the Capone side of the family looked down on Mae and Sonny for most of their lives. Sadly, it's no wonder Mae and Sonny are not buried with Al today. In the end, what's important is that they loved Al and he loved them back equally! Mae and Sonny showed absolute grace in turning the other cheek. I think this is where their spiritual guidance paid off! Hats off to them!

A beloved mother and child from beginning to the end.
( Mario Gomes Collection)

The Myth: Al Capone worked as an accountant in Baltimore.

The Truth: While it is possible there is a small possiblilty that Capone could have worked as a book keeper in New York, the timeline of Al Capone's life during this period would have made it impossible for him to have worked in Baltimore. Read Capone's own account of his whereabouts during this period. If this were at all true, then you would think Al would have been proud to have mentioned a legitimate work entry during this interview. Also, all of the sources where this originated from and was repeated thereafter cannot provide any proof whatsoever.
Al Capone's Atlanta health record interview

The Myth: President Herbert Hoover made it personal on getting Capone brought to justice.

The Truth: On April, 21, 1930, from Capone's own mouth came the following conversation while on his boat on the bay of Biscayne while they passed by the J.C. Penney's estate.

"Take a good look at that." Capone said his voice was low and serious.
''One of the biggest mistakes I ever made in my life concerns that place. That's the J.C. Penney estate where Herbert Hoover was a guest just before the inauguration last year." He continued to stare at the place.
"Yes, sir, the biggest sucker move of my life!" he went on.
Jack Sharkey and Young Stribling were fighting down here and Jack Dempsey was the promoter. Sharkey and Dempsey, are old friends of mine. I had a big party at the house every night with plenty of champagne and music".
"Well, one day I met J.C.Penney downtown in Miami. 'You must be having quite a celebration at your place every night.'  he said. 'We can hear the music across the bay all night.'
 I laughed and said I wouldn't send him a bill for the entertainment. 'Did you know Herbert Hoover is my guest?' says Penney. 'He can hear it, too.' And I said like a chump, " Well,  bring him over some time -- bring them all over." It was a poor wisecrack. Penney, of course, told Hoover. I yet haven't seen the trouble that crack made for me." He fell silent and Capone's guest hazarded a question? "How could a
joke like that cause trouble now?"
Capone retorted "I'll tell you how. Right after Hoover was inaugurated President one of the first things he did was call in a Treasury Department agent and ask how much income tax I paid. Of course I've never paid any. I'm told he gave orders to give me the works."  The guest interjected, "Perhaps you can settle it;  some do," but Capone shook his head dubiously. "I've been trying to but the heat's on me. Everything might turn out okay But I don't know...."
"Why didn't you pay the tax in the first place?" His friend asked.
"Bum guesses by my mouthpieces!" he said "They told me the government couldn't collect on racket income. Now the G says they don't care where I got it -- the tax should have been paid."

The Myth: Al Capone's knickname became Snorky after he became a successful well dressed gangster.

The Truth: According to his brother Ralph, "It's one of his pet names. He calls every kid by that name--- especially his own boy, Al junior. He always says 'Little Snorky' when he speaks of him, and so the outfit got to calling him Big Snorky. Now he's just Snorky."

The Myth: Al Capone officially called his gang 'The Outfit'

The Truth: No, Al Capone didn't sit around with his gang and have a brainstorm on what his organization was going to be called. EX: Whenever he had conversations with politicians and reporters, he would mention others as having a 'racket' or as being in the 'rackets'. If it was a gang affiliated to his, then he would say their 'outfit' and my 'outfit' etc.. To give a more positive spin to his organization and whenever he mentioned his business to others, he would often use the term 'my outfit'. He used the term so much with members of his own gang to describe their thing in conversations that the name stuck, and the organization later became well known as 'The Outfit'.

The Myth: Al Capone’s or his brother may have invented date labels for milk.

The Truth: Just another tall tale now perpetuated by a publicity seeker. Milk Pasteurization was already in effect by 1912.
Milk dates show up as early as 1913. The only connection of milk and Al Capone was the statement he made when he had to go to prison. He said that he had been in the wrong business all along! He said that milk was a legal product, which raked in a lot of money because people and especially that kids drank it every day, which was not the case with beer. The Chicago Outfit only took real interest in the milk business via Murray Humphreys after Al Capone was put away.

The Chicago Tribune July 18, 1913.

The Myth: Al Capone was swindled out of $5,000 by con man Robert Miller, AKA Victor Lustig.

As with most Capone fables, the story seems to evolve over decades. Lustig is arrested in 1929, while in Paris. He and his cohort mention to French authorities that they are from Chicago. The police assume that since they are criminals and hail from Chicago that they must be with the Capone gang. Lustig seems to relish that connection. Back in Chicago, Capone's outfit hears about this, and Jake "Greasy Thumb" Guzik makes a comment that hits the newspapers claiming that the Capone crew has no clue who these two are! The major story by a boastful Lustig is that he is a master con man who sold the Eiffel Tower to a metal scrap dealer. In 1935, he mentions that he dominated everyone, even bad gangsters such as Arnold Rothstein, Jack "Legs" Diamond and Al Capone.

Victor Lustig police mugshot

By 1951, the story grows with the help of a secret service agent named Frank Seckler. What's funny is Seckler does not touch the story of Capone in his newspaper exposee. Mentions he can't tell all the stories. You would think that the Capone story was an important one? Or maybe at that time Seckler didn't have much meat to the story. In 1961, a writer named James Johnson writes a book about Lustig. In it, the Capone swindle makes it's first major appearance. The story went something like this; Lustig goes to see Capone asking him for a loan of $50,000. He promises to come back months later with double his money. Time goes by and Capone doesn't see hide nor hair of Lustig due at the appointed date. Capone is supposedly pissed when Lustig finally shows up. Lustig apologizes for not be able to double Capone's money. He gives Capone his $50,000 back. Capone is so impressed at his honesty that he gives Lustig $5,000. So Lustig swindled Capone out of $5,000.  

Fort Worth Star Telegram July 5, 1929.

Capone was known to give $5 here and there to poor people, or to waiters and hat check girls etc.. While sometimes a generous spendthrift, he was also known as a real tight wad. He would have no problem blowing $6,500 at Hialeah racetrack for his own pleasure, but then he would hold off on giving the carpenter, who built his Miami home dock, the $100 still owed to the poor worker.

For the story, none of these book entries have any solid source notes to verify the validity of these claims of the Capone swindle by Lustig. Even Lustig's daughter wrote a book about her dad. It has some problems with relating fact. In it, she mentions visiting her dad at Alcatraz and going through a maze before seeing him in the flesh. Well, anyone who knows Alcatraz, knows you could only get to see your relative through a small thick glass window and talk through a phone.
As far as meeting up with Al Capone, you needed to know someone, and you had to get the okay that he would meet up with you. This would sometime take weeks. He was well insulated. If he had indeed taken Capone for a swindle, I'm sure he would have been held out by his ankles out of the Lexington Hotel window. Jack Zuta had Chicago Tribune reporter Alfred "Jake" Lingle killed for welching on a mere $2,500.
Funny enough, Lustig would later be housed at the same time with Al Capone at Alcatraz. He was caught passing fake currency with a known Chicago underworld money counterfeiter.

The Myth: Al Capone was a cocaine fiend because he had a hole in his septum.

The Truth: Another wild myth. Authors will sometimes go to bat with some things they pick up on during research and make immediate assumptions. It also serves them well if it can be sensational enough to edge their books ahead of other previous Capone biographies. It's all about sales and the hopes of Hollywood picking up the book for a movie. The more sensational, the better! This cocaine myth suddenly appeared in 1994, when author Laurence Bergreen went with the story because it made his book stand out from all the other Capone biographies already out there. After finding a doctor in general medicine who agreed with his cocaine theory on Capone, he ran with it.
Unfortunately, as with both his tales of "Capone as a Baltimore accountant", and "a stand in used for Sonny Capone at a baseball game", his cocaine theory that suddenly became connected to Al Capone doesn't have any credible source for it's origins before 1994. The cocaine hole in the septum, just on it's own, without the Al Capone factor, starts to take flight when cocaine hits the major limelight in the 1970's and 80's. Before that, no correlation or study showed that cocaine was the number one cause for the holes in septums. As a matter of fact, it wasn't even mentioned at all before the 1970's.

In 1944, a major league baseball player had his septum cut out during an operation. Capone also had this type of tonsil / sinus operation in 1929. Would people later assume that this baseball player was a cocaine fiend just upon knowing he had a section of septum missing? This is how misleading wild assumptions can become.
(The Akron Beacon Journal June 16,1944)

Sadly, AMC's Making of the Mob later took this Bergreen assumption and rolled with it on steroids. Now Capone looked like Al Pacino in the 1983 remake of Scarface, which may have a correlation with the real Capone and this myth taking flight. I know, but now doesn't a coke sniffing Capone make him sound oh so much cooler? Well, maybe for a made up Hollywood movie which today is the norm, but in reality, it's just complete unfounded nonsense!
The hole in the septum can be attributed to the two following reasons.
1) Capone's longtime illness of syphilis. Most long time sufferers of latent syphilis have a hole in their septums and have what is known as saddle noses.

Capone side mugshots show a saddle shaped nose.

2) A deviated septum. Capone had a long history of bad sinus trouble, suffering from post nasal drip since he was a very young boy. That problem added with a few fist fights during his youth may have worsened his sinus problem. On September 5, 1929, he was operated on by Dr. Herbert M. Goddard for his sinuses and tonsils during his stay at the Eastern State penitentiary.

While incarcerated at Eastern State, Al Capone was operated on for his sinus problems and his tonsils.
(Chicago Tribune March 17, 1930)

The following shows Capone had suffered sinus troubles that plagued him for many years. According to Mae's relatives, even as a child the other school kids would call him "Spaghetti". This not because of his Italian heritage, but due to his nose constantly leaking over his lips.

Atlanta Prison records May 18,1932.

Cocaine book author Robert Sabbag's reply to an editorial written by Vincent Patrick for Bergreen's book on Al Capone.
(The New York Times September 18,1994)

Capone's 1932 diagnosis in Atlanta. The late stage of syphilis can occur anywhere from 2 to 30 years after initial infection.

Another Atlanta medical document show no use of narcotics and a 6th grade education. That pretty much dispells the myth that Al had graduated from high school.

Alcatraz medical records June 4, 1938. The medical examination shows a hole in Capone's septum. So according to the myth, Capone the cocaine fiend is snorting in Atlanta Penitentiary and then in Alcatraz? Or is it more caused by the operation Dr. Goddard performed on him in Philadelphia's Eastern State prison in 1929 to alleviate Capone's constant sinus infections? Unfortunately, the latter is less titillating, but more logical. Even if the hole was there pre-1929, how come Dr. Goddard who operated on him in 1929, left the hole there? Because maybe the hole was put there by the good Dr. to alleviate Capone's sinus problems? Deviated septum further aggravated by his latent syphilis? Or his post nasal drip that plagued him all his life? What is important to note is that the doctor in this 1938 evaluation was a Psychiatrist and not a nose and throat specialist. What's more, the doctor in question, whose name was Dr. Romney M. Ritchey was in 1928, the medical superintendent of the State Narcotics Hospital in Spadra, California. So if anyone would know cocaine addiction or the resulting ravages of cocaine, then I think he would have been the first and foremost to notice it up close in Capone's medical evaluation.

The Dr. who evaluated Capone in Alcatraz 1938. He was once a superintendent at the State Narcotics Hospital.
He did not observe any symptoms of drug abuse on Capone.

Another doctor's opinion where syphilis is more the culprit of a hole in the septum. Fact is, besides the latent syphilis as the probable culprit to the hole in his septum, Al Capone was also operated for his sinus troubles in Philadelphia's Eastern State Penitentiary.
(Lansing State Journal December 27, 1963)

So did Al Capone ever try cocaine? He most probably had tried it, maybe at a party or with some prostitutes, but was he a cocaine fiend like Bergreen or Making of the Mob says? I would say that since no one can produce any concrete evidence directly from Capone's medical files, then I would think this is just a stretch to further make the Capone persona bigger than it really was and to sell sensationalism. Come to think of it, too many of Capone's entourage wanted his job and they wouldn't think twice of denouncing a drug problem to other gang members, if he was truly a cocaine abuser as some claim. You would also have to question that with Capone in constant view of fellow gang members, police and his own family, then where would all this cocaine be done if he was such an addict to make a hole in his septum as is claimed? His wife Mae would get pissed with Al whenever he had one glass too many to drink, so I don't think she would not put up with the cocaine business had he had been an addict as the myth claims. Read story below. Al personally didn't like dope fiends.

The Decatur Herald August 1, 1931.

Chicago Tribune March 25, 1932.

 The Myth: Al Capone's favorite whiskey was Templeton Rye.

Another invented myth! There is no proof whatsoever that Al ever drank whiskey, let alone the Templeton brand. If this is true, then I want to see the concrete proof of Al saying it in print or holding the brand in his hand! This is just a marketing ploy on behalf of the company that associated themselves with a Capone relative. They got the relative to say this was true for some sort of renumeration, and now it's sadly believed by so many out there as fact, even by some authors and historians!

The truth is Al Capone did not like to drink whiskey!
Harry Read, Chicago American city editor, who was a good friend of Al Capone, recalls in his unpublished memoirs called "The Capone I knew" that in January of 1929, when during a closed conversation at the Lexington Hotel, he asked Capone what was his main business exactly. Capone replied that he was strictly in the beer and gambling business. Read then asked "then what about the hard liquor?" Capone said he got that through connections in order to accommodate his clients whose patrons enjoyed hard liquor and high balls. Now this does not mean Al Capone did not enjoy other Italian apéritifs like Limoncello, Amaretto. He sure did!! He also partook in the occasional shot of his native Italian grappa in a an Italian shot glass or in savoring a glass of French cognac after dinner! The real myth here is Al drinking and loving whiskey! So much so that he had a preferred brand? Yeah right!

This below from Al Capone's own mouth!

1929. Chicago American reporter's questions to Al Capone who answered them candidly. These answers also proved that Capone's Outfit did not distill alcohol like the gangsters in Chicago's Little Sicily.
At the time, Al's outfit made enough money with beer, gambling and other rackets.

Capone when questioned by Cuban secret police as to what he was doing there in 1930. Drinking wine.
(Chicago Tribune July 16, 1930)

 I personally work on facts and records, not heresay. I also have researched it to death and have found no records of this brand in connection with Al Capone or his outfit. They even went so far as claiming on the label that Al Capone kept some Templeton bottles in his cell at Alcatraz? Some of the Park Rangers and Alcatraz authors and historians got a good laugh out of this one!
The plain reality is that Alcatraz was not kind to Capone and he had no pull once there.

Templeton Rye label with wild Capone reference of having whiskey in his cell.

All the facts researched show that Al Capone did not favor drinking whiskey. Not too surprising as other gangsters selling it such as Dean O'Banion did not drink any alcohol, and neither did Al Capone's mentor Johnny Torrio. Al Capone preferred beer, wine, champagne, and the occaisional Italian apéritif. The first two, which was admitted by him in a statement at the Atlanta Penitentiary during a prison interview with a physician. Beer in the summertime and wine for family gatherings, as was normal for Italian families at the supper table. Even an Italian apéritif before meals!
 Al also enjoyed cut up fresh fruit in wine. Al once got sloshed on chianti when he was released from Philadelphia prison.

May 18, 1932, Al Capone admits to drinking beer and wine. No mention of whiskey.

Enjoying a cold beer! Miami lawyer James Francis "Fritz" Gordon, Al Capone and ex- Atlanta Councilman / furniture businessman Robert A. Gordon (James' father) at the Tropical Gardens, Havana, April 23,1930. In this commonly seen photo, R.A. Gordon is mistakenly identified as Havana Mayor Julio Morales. This is a mistake because the Mayor at that time was actually Mariano Gomez. Julio Morales Coello was a Cuban Navy Commander.
R. A Gordon will pass away at age 61, almost a year after this photo was taken.
Subject Identification research Mario Gomes (Photo Credit : State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory,

No whiskey for Al. He preferred alcoholic beverages such as beer or wine. Interview with Al's brother, John Capone, on November 18,1939.
After his release from prison, Al diminished and or completely ended his taste for alcoholic beverages due to his illness. He avoided mixing medication with booze.

The Myth: In the end Al Capone was a babbling 12 year old fishing in a pool.

Not when he was sick, but more Al Capone fishing off his boat (in his bathrobe) April 20,1930.

The Truth: One must differentiate the evaluation doctors assessed to him at the hospital. We often hear the report that Al Capone had the mentality of a 12 year old child. That statement is not exactly correct. One assumes a babbling idiot etc...  Some twelve year olds are geniuses! So let's look at two photos of references. January 22, 1947, doctor from Baltimore makes the statement. Other photo is document of Al's 1932 psychiatric evaluation. Note he is at an age 15 level. So what does this all mean?  So in both cases, Capone's 'mentality' refers to temperament of a 12 year old child, and not intelligence. If it was his intelligence that was measured, then this would otherwise be referred to as 'mental capacity'. Also, Al Capone had an average IQ of 95! A 95 IQ means that he had an average intelligence as most other people. To put it in perspective, most IQ scores range from 40 to 140.

The fishing in the pool nonsense was totally made up in the 1975 Capone movie with Ben Gazzara.

Here is Al Capone's 1932 Atlanta penitentiary psychriatric evaluation that shows his mental temperament being at age 15 level.

So in both cases, Capone's 'mentality' refers to temperament of a 12 year old child, and not intelligence. If it was his intelligence that was measured, then this would otherwise be referred to as 'mental capacity'.
Decatur Herald January 22,1947.

Okay, so now let's take a look below at an Al Capone photographic timeline. Do you see any signs of a 12 year old babbling idiot?

The Real Al Capone 1939-1946

Pennsylvania 1939                   Miami 1940

Miami 1941

( Top right, Diane Patricia Capone. Others, Mario Gomes Collection)   

Albert Francis, Diane Ruth, Al and Mae Capone 1942.

(Photo by kind permission of Diane Patricia Capone)

Miami 1943
( Mario Gomes Collection)   

    Wisconsin 1944           New Jersey 1945
( Mario Gomes Collection)   

Al Capone on the boat dock (not pool) with fishing pole on table 1946.
( Mario Gomes Collection)  

Mercer August 1946              Miami Xmas 1946
(Photos by kind permission of Corey Hart and Diane Patricia Capone)

The Myth: Al Capone died a rich man.

The Truth: People tend to forget that most of the money generated by the gang belonged to the gang. Al took his share and he spent it as fast as he got it. The rest was distributed amongst the gang. Other monies were for payoffs to Police, Judges, Aldermen, Lawyers. Money was also used for distilling equipment, trucks etc...  Al Capone's business had an extremely high overhead.
After Al's death in 1947, Mae and Sonny continued to live at the Palm Island estate until 1952, when they sold it along with all it's contents to Cleveland realtor named Thomas Warren Miller. They couldn't afford to keep it any longer. Ralph Capone had made a promise to his brother to look after Mae and Sonny, which he did right until his death. The Chicago Outfit no longer desired to help out Mae and Sonny Capone after Al's passing. Whatever monies Al Capone had in trust that belonged to the outfit went back into the gang coffers after his death.  EX: In 1927, it is estimated that Capone took in 105 million. This was even mentioned in the World Book of Records. This is not entirely factual because that money was made by the gang and not Capone alone. Capone probably took 10 million for himself, while the rest was divided up by the gang, payoffs made to officials and the rest re-injected in more gang businesses.

The Myth: Here is a photo of Vincenzo Capone and his brother Al Capone
The Truth: And so it continues... I once got an email from author asking about this photo floating around claiming to be Vincenzo and Al Capone. The truth is this, the photo was taken by street photographer Vivian Maier. She was born in 1926 and died in 2009, so you can do the math yourself and see that it doesn't fit the history timeline and is NOT a photo of the Capone boys! So much nonsense on the web! Visit and click on STREET 2. It's photograph number 40.

The Myth: Here is a photo of Al Capone at 16 years old!
The Truth: Not Al Capone! Many people buy old photos and postcards on eBay and start seeing things! Just like shapes in clouds! Let's look at the facts! The other version floating around of this photo has the bottom right of the photo surprisingly cropped out. If we zoom in that right corner of the original photo what do we find?

We find a photographer's stamp. From the photo and the stamp style we can certainly say that it's early 1900's!

Upon close up and and darker exposure It reads as follows; Wilson's Studio 133 King Street E. Hamilton, which was in Ontario, Canada. My! My! A 16 year old Al Capone was in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada having his photograph taken. Nonsense! Al Capone around that time was 9 years old! The timeline does not fit. Even at a later time date, such as 1915, Capone would have been by that time in the USA, just a youth, left school, had steady employment, legal and illegal to help support his huge family.

Below is an authentic photo of a young Al Capone with his brother John.

Mario Gomes Collection

The Myth: Al Capone was in my town.

The Truth: Chances are he wasn't. If Al was really visiting your town back in the day, you could be sure it would have made the news of your local paper. Perhaps not the same day, but at least in the following weeks. Most people's recollections through the years attach the connection to something, or someone with Al Capone. These are purely based on assumptions.  EX: My grandpa remembers seeing Al capone as a boy, when in fact it was a guy who ressembled him in height / weight and dress. He also had a couple of friends with him, so we can assume they were bodyguards. I'm amazed at how many photos I have seen of people saying it's Al Capone in there when in fact he is nowhere in sight. Another made up and wild myth is did Al Capone visit the Tunnels of Moose Jaw? There's even a documentary making such loose claims with less than stellar research. One example: They claim Al Capone was in Canada and had his tonsils removed by a local doctor there. Well, Capone must of had two sets of tonsils because he had them removed in Eastern State penitentiary on September 5,1929, by Dr. Herbert M. Goddard. The tunnels of Moose Jaw connected to Al Capone is just a totally made up myth!

 Read the below entry from the official Royal Canadian Mounted Police website

Al Capone (Moose Jaw Tunnels)
In 2000, the town of Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan came up with a marketing ploy to attract tourists. They claimed that Al Capone spent time covertly in Moose Jaw during American prohibition using the Moose Jaw tunnels to run his bootlegging business. There is no evidence that links Capone's bootlegging to Moose Jaw, let alone any evidence that he ever set foot on Canadian soil.

 So was Al Capone in Ontario or anywhere in Canada? No, probably not!
There's a straw boater that was supposedly left at a Hotel in St. Pierre Miquelon by Al Capone. Truth is the hat is no longer on display. I've seen photos of the said hat and the visible size inside of the boater does not correspond with Al Capone's head size at all, nor does it correspond with Al's preferred straw boater brand, which is Bonar Phelps. I'm guessing they mistook another gangster visiting from New York as Al Capone. In reality, it would have been impossible for Al to have been in every conceivable place people have emailed me about over the years.

One example of people thinking they saw Al Capone.
The Daily Chronicle May 17, 1930.

The Myth: Al Capone owned a houses all over the world.

The Truth: I get this question alot. The answer is no. Why? Because the proof shows that Al had enough financial difficulties holding on to the house at Palm Avenue. The facts are that he owned through his wife and mother, the house at 93 Palm Avenue and the Chicago home at 7244 South Prairie Avenue. Other homes, such as a Wisconsin cottage that were used by Al and his family in the summertime were owned by relatives. (Ralph Capone, Mafalada etc..). One wild myth has Capone frequently visiting Baja, California at a castle that he had built for entertaining friends. The closest he ever came to that region was his famous December 1927 trip to the west, in which he was unceremoniously thrown out of California by authorities in Los Angeles. Capone had planned to stay there and frequently go to the racetrack in Tijuana and then rest in Los Angeles and San Diego. After returning from one trip to the race track, Los Angeles authorities were waiting for him. They sent him, wife and his goons packing. This unltimately led to his decision to try Florida. A friend told him to purchase a home through an intermediary under his wife's name. He was told that once becoming a tax paying citizen of that state then authorities would find it harder to oust him.

The Myth: Al owned a home in Cuba.

The Truth: While it is true through immigration and travel documents that Al Capone visited Cuba on a couple of occaisions, he never owned a home there. He always rented a Hotel room at the Sevilla in old Havana. The situation for a gangster in Cuba even at that time was unsure (Police and military roundups of gangsters). So the long term purchase of a house at a place that was unstable would be unheard of. The specific house often mentioned was once owned by a dentist and now a restaurant near the beach in Varadero. This was NEVER owned by Al capone nor did he ever set foot in there. I think they even mention it somewhere on the outside of the house. People seem to think Capone could go in any country or town and act like a big boss and do as he pleased. This is totally wrong and false! Capone was king in one place and one place only! That was in Chicago circa 1925-1931.

The Myth: Al Capone had an Italian accent.

The Truth: Being born in New York, No, he didn't. The only accent he had and lost was his New York accent. Johnny Torrio took Al and refined his rough edges in order to make him a tad more respectable for business dealings. As far as what his voice sounded like, Chicago American city editor Harry Read wrote in his memoirs that when he first met Capone he was expecting a deep basso voice due to his hulking mass but instead was surprised to hear a jocular high pitched voice coming out of Capone's mouth.

The Myth: Al graduated from high school.

The Truth: No, he didn't. He only finished grade school, contrary to what some people claim. You can read it yourself here in the link below. It's Al's own words under "Personal History".
Al Capone's Atlanta health record interview

 I'm sure if Al had graduated high school, he would have more than proudly stated it in the files recorded at the Atlanta State Pemitentiary.

A 6th grade education. That pretty much dispells the myth that Al had graduated from school.

The Myth: Al Capone walked out of Eastern State Penitentiary where the press and crowds were waiting to see him. I have seen the actual film and it's true!

The Truth: The only truth is that film is indeed taken at the Eastern State Prison and it is on the day Capone is supposed to be set free. The only problem is that the press and the waiting crowds were fooled by prison officials. After nearly 11 months behind bars, Al Capone and Frank Rio were secretly transferred from the Eastern State prison in a brown automobile on the evening of March 16,1930, and held at a new prison situated at Gratersford, in the county of Montgomery. This was about 30 miles away from Eastern State. They were officially released on the 17th from that location and were already half way across the state when the huge steel door opened at the Eastern State prison. This 4 hours before the prison officials annonced the ruse. Hundreds of people along with press stood along Fairmont and stared for the exact moment the gang monarch would step out of it's front door. Even Alfred "Jake" Lingle was there waiting to welcome Al out to freedom. The huge steel door finally opened. A guard peered his head outside looking both ways. From behind him appeared an Al Capone look-alike who sauntered out and passed by the press. They quickly grabbed their cameras, but soon seem to think something was off as the gentleman walked by. Lingle is fuming because he realizes that Big Al, his buddy, has stood him up for an exclusive for his paper. Al is pissed at Lingle for conspiring with other gangs behind his back while he was in jail.

Chicago Tribune March 18, 1930

The Warden Herbert 'Hard Boiled" Smith steps out and announces to the press that he has stuck it to them! Capone had been already gone even before the crowd had assembled. Time and hundreds of feet of film were wasted. Many were mad at the Warden for going out of his way to accommodate the gangsters. They yelled out insults at Smith asking how much he was paid? He told them to ----- out of there! Smith claimed this was done merely for safety.
Capone and Rio met up with Ralph Capone and Jake Guzik. To throw the press off their trail, rumors were put out there that Capone and party would take a chartered plane home or that they would take a train called the Broadway Unlimited and head for Pittsburgh. None of these rumors ever proved to be true. Most likely the party drove home by automobile.

Left ; The fake Capone look-alike from prison release film and the real Al Capone both taken in 1930, just about a month apart.
The first guy has a straighter nose and a protruding lower jaw. Capone doesn't

Al finally made his way to Chicago where he stopped by to ask officials if he was wanted in connection with any crime? They all said no, and Al was now on his way to a welcome home party that was planned in his honor across the street from his headquarters at the Lexington Hotel.

The Myth: Al near the end of his life was fishing in the swimming pool with his bathrobe on. It must be true because I have seen photos. Even a published author / historian said so on a gangster message board.

The Truth: Well, that author is dead wrong! And to prove it, he even took down his post after visiting this web site. So the answer to the question is no, the photos most people see of Al wearing a bathrobe and fishing is one where he is not sick and doing quite well after leaving the Philadelphia Penitentiary in 1930. Again, these are not photos taken near the end of his life in 1947! In these photos, he is fishing off his moored boat, (not pool) and they were originally taken on April 20,1930, right before he went to Cuba. These photos were taken when Harry Read, editor of the Chicago Evening American paid a visit to Capone at his Miami home for an interview. Al Capone was doing well at the time and was not yet affected by his disease.

One of the many newspapers who reprinted the famous photo following the days of it being originally photographed. Note the date. This was not Capone near the end of his life in the 1940's.
(The Burlington Hawkeye 1930)

Another shot taken from that same day with Harry Read. April 20, 1930.  It will be originally published in the Chicago Evening American on April 24, 1930. It  appears a day later in the Chicago Tribune and in subsequent papers the following weeks. These photos are now oftenly mistaken for a sick Al near his final days.
(Chicago Tribune 1930)

His final years, Al Capone relaxing in the sun with his mom on the dock of his Florida Mansion 1946. In this photo, his brain was affected by his disease. Note the fishing pole on the table. Though sick at the time, Al wasn't the babbling idiot in a bathrobe fishing in the pool as is often shown in Hollywood movies. Like anyone who is ill, Al had his good days and his bad days. The severity of his illness was made up through time and through movies, particularly in the 1975 Capone film starring Ben Gazzara. The real Capone was lucid enough and fished off the dock like any regular Joe. Since his release, the feds followed, kept daily tabs on the comings and goings from 93 Palm Avenue. The feds foolishly thought that Capone was actually still directing the mob from his Miami home.    
(Mario Gomes Collection)

The Myth: I saw a photo of a sickly Al with his mother after his release from Alcatraz in a recent published Capone bio.

The Truth: Not exactly. This photo in question was actually taken before Al was ever sent off to prison in 1932. Here it is republished below for a 1938 newspaper story. Al Capone was released from Terminal Island in 1939, before moving on to the Baltimore Hospital for treatment. He will finally end up at his Florida home in March of 1940.

Photo of Al and his mother taken before his stint in prison starting in 1932. Here it is reprinted for The Longview News Journal on April 6, 1938. The photo was originally taken in 1930-31, this way before he was released from prison in 1939.

The Myth: Al Capone was haunted by the ghost of massacre victim James Clark. It got so bad he had to go see a psychic by the name of Anne Britt to make it stop.

The Truth: More nonsense on the Capone front. Al never saw ghosts etc.. haunting of the massacre, James Clark, seen a psychic in 1931 named Alice Britt, blah, blah, blah! This is total and utter bullshit!! I want to see evidence, papers, documents from 1931, or at least before 1980. I'm not much into believing paranormal, but let's just say for argument sake if it did happen. The logical thinking would be as follows;

1) If you were delusional and thought that Capone had absolutely nothing to do with the massacre like some then why would you even believe James Clark would be haunting him?

2) If Capone had something to do with the massacre like most of us believe, (which was only giving the go ahead for the hit), then why would James Clark haunt Capone and not any of the actual killers or planners? After a few days of research, this imaginary tale seems to take flight one Halloween in 1980, and is then perpetuated by Ghost tour operator Richard Crowe in 1987, which then ends up as a ghost tale in many Chicago paranormal books!

Yes, I've slept in Capone's Miami house, called out his name in the dark at 2 AM taking photos and recording sound. NADA!! Stood quietly at the site of the massacre site and felt absolutely nothing! I have two massacre wall bricks were the guys were lined up and two bullets that went through the bodies right here. Nothing!!

Now Paresis (disintegration of the brain cortex due to syphilis) will cause you to spew out nonsense from time to time.

The Myth: Al Capone was once photographed with New York gangster Jack "Legs Diamond.
Photo taken from Hank Messick and Burt Goldblatt's 1972 book.

The Truth: The photo originated in Hank Messick's and Burt Goldblatt's Illustrated history of Organized crime (1972) and was touted as a new never before seen photo of Al Capone and Jack Legs Diamond together.

This photo from September 22,1930, of Jack " Legs" Diamond being arrested in Philadelphia
served as the template to fake the above photo of Capone and Diamond.

This 1929 photo of Capone was superimposed next to the above one of Legs Diamond.

The supposed real photo of Capone and Jack Diamond is really just a made up one by using a little photo exposure darkening the subject's features and tricking Capone's tie pattern. As far as history shows, Diamond couldn't stand Capone and called him a punk on more than one occasion.

I've taken a rarely circulated photo of Jack Diamond from September 22,1930. In it he is being led to the Philadelphia police station after he was arrested coming off a boat from Europe. (He was expelled from there as an undesirable).
I made a transparency of that said photo and lined it up with the supposed Capone / Diamond shot. Voila! It matches Diamond perfectly! Hat band, tie, nose, hand, cigarette and hanky, even down to the little flower on his lapel.
The Al Capone photo matches the exact clothes and hat he was wearing when he was photographed on his return to Chicago with his lawyer William F. Waugh on March 21, 1929.

For the Legs Diamond transparency comparison


The Myth: Al Capone's pistol is now displayed in a Las Vegas museum. Here is the gun's provenance description on their site.

"Capone, the boss of the Chicago Outfit, obtained the gun in 1928 while he was living part time in a palatial estate in Miami Beach. While there, Capone decided he needed some extra firepower for protection. He had a friend, hotel manager Parker Henderson Jr., purchase six revolvers and six shotguns from a Miami pawn shop, which had procured them from Wolf & Klar. Later that year, one of the shotguns and two of the revolvers were recovered from an abandoned car believed to have been used by the gunmen responsible for the murder of Brooklyn crime kingpin Frankie Yale, Capone’s former employer. Historians have long suspected that Capone orchestrated Yale’s murder. Capone was arrested in Miami that year on a minor charge. While searching his house, police confiscated the pearl-handled .38 revolver that was among those Henderson had purchased for him. The revolver would change hands several times over the ensuing decades. A police captain involved in Capone’s arrest sometime later gave the pistol to a tour bus operator named James Campbell. Campbell had been paying the captain in order to park his tour bus in prime locations, and the captain gave him the gun as a gift."

The Truth: The problem with the truth to this story is simply with the time and events. They do not corroborate the authenticity of the described gun. Even with an erroneous 1928 police entry on his rap sheet, Al Capone was never arrested once in Miami for the year of 1928. His many arrests in Miami only began on and after May 8,1930, and they never once produced a gun during all of those arrests. As for the supposed gun being found during a raid on his Miami home in 1928, this is also false. Only one raid took place on Capone's Miami home and this was on March 20,1930. The purpose of the raid was to locate gangster Raymond 'Crane neck' Nugent, who was wanted for 12 murders in the midwest. Only one bottle of wine, three bottles of champagne, and three bottles of liquor were found in Capone's home. No guns where found.

Erroneous entry on Al Capone's prison rap sheet. 1928 is mentioned in the 1930 section and yet no arrests was made against him in 1928 during his stay in Miami.  Capone had taken ownership of the Miami home in mid June 1928, under his wife's name.

Capone Miami home first raided on March 20,1930.
(Tampa Bay Times March 21,1930)

Description of raid at Capone's Miami home. No guns were found on the premises.
(Miami News March 21, 1930)

Al Capone's arrests in Miami began on May 8, 1930 and not in 1928.
(Palm Beach Post May 9,1930)

So then what is the truth to this pistol being connected to Al Capone? The only truth mentioned on their site is that Miami hotel manager Parker A. Henderson Jr., who aimed to please Capone, bought twelve guns from a pawn broker for Capone.
Six hand guns and six shot guns. According to Henderson's testimony, he was instructed to leave them on the bed in Capone's suite at the Ponce De Leon Hotel where Henderson was manager. He stated the guns were no longer on the bed when he returned to meet with Capone in his room. One of Capone's gang members probably took care of them for Capone.
One of those handguns purchased was later found in New York City, abandoned in an automobile that was used in the killing of gang boss Frankie Yale. The serial number was traced to the purchase at the pawn broker in Miami. This handgun found at the Yale crime scene was not a pistol like the one at the mob museum, but an automatic pistol with a magazine for the bullets.
Even so, the pistol at the mob museum may be still on the list of serial numbers as one of the twelve guns purchased by Parker Henderson for Capone.

Some newspapers reported two shotguns. Some reported one shotgun and two handguns. The official report stated the one automatic handgun with magazine was the one serial traced to Miami. The Thompson would later prove to be connected with the other two thompsons used in the 1929 Chicago massacre. One of those used in the massacre was also used on Frankie Yale according to Goddard's ballistics test.
(Brooklyn Times July 31,1928)

(Pensacola News August 1,1928)

Is it Capone's personal gun? No. Capone did not like long barrelled flashy pistols that did not fit his reinforced suit pocket.
Did Capone touch these guns? Probably not. So it is distantly connected at best.

The Myth: Al Capone had millions of dollars stashed away before he went to prison.

The Truth: Not true! Al mistakenly believed that the good times would never end and that the money would keep rolling in. As with everything in life, it all comes to pass and so did the money! In 1952, Mae was forced to sell the Miami home that was mortgaged to the hilt! The outfit had helped take care of Al and his family while he was alive, but after he died in 1947, that lifeline was eventually cut off by vote. Ralph took over and helped with some basic needs of Mae and Sonny, not because he liked them, which he didn't, but more as a promise to his dying brother Al.

Various newspaper headlines over the years concerning Al Capone's wealth or hidden loot.
(1929,1931, 1938, and 1947).

The Myth: Al Capone was a made member of the Mafia.

The story is that an expatriated, ex Mafiosi, with an axe to grind named Nicola Gentile, wrote a memoir. Gentile seems to throw everything in his book except the kitchen sink. He has seen and knew everything that went on in New York, Chicago, Kansas City, Cleveland and Pittsburgh mobs. In the FBI file, it is mentioned that Gentile claims that Joe "The Boss" Masseria had a ceremony, and made Al Capone a Capodecina (Captain of ten) for the Mafia. In exchange, Capone had to kill Antonio Lombardo and Joe Aiello. Is it accurate? Well, let's just say that he has some messed up mention of the Valentine's day massacre happening at night with 5 men killed by Capone? Kind of makes you wonder about ALL the other stuff being truthful.
Let's face it, if any of it is truthful, then what does it really change for Capone and his Chicago organization? Absolutely nothing! It's not like his main rival George "Bugs" Moran would retreat in fear of Capone being a made man. Moran and his gang could not give a rat's ass about a title like that!
If Capone was at all made by Masseria, then it was only because Capone was playing Masseria by leading him to believe he was on his side for the upcoming war of underworld factions in New York. Luciano at the time was playing both sides (Maranzano and Masseria) with the eventual plan to rid himself of both. Capone probably knew about this as he hosted Luciano and Costello at his Miami home in 1929. Torrio was way more respected by the New York underworld than Capone, and yet he was not made. So it would have been  just a symbolic title to a non Sicilian.